24/7 Emergency Service Available
All Major Credit Cards Accepted
100% Satisfaction Guarantee - Call today! 770-913-6412

What’s Checked in New HVAC System Commissioning?

In the quest for optimal indoor comfort and energy efficiency, commissioning a new HVAC system is a crucial step. Yet, many overlook its importance, potentially leading to increased energy consumption, reduced system lifespan, and compromised indoor air quality. The challenge lies in choosing the right HVAC system and ensuring its proper setup and functionality from the start.

The comprehensive commissioning process ensures your HVAC system operates at peak efficiency and comfort levels.
This process starts with thoroughly checking several key areas, including system design verification, installation quality, and control system calibration. It extends to inspecting airflow and ductwork, cooling and heating performance, electrical connections, and refrigerant levels. 

Additionally, the audit covers safety controls, thermostat functionality, and ventilation and exhaust, ensuring every aspect of the HVAC system is optimized for peak performance. Addressing these areas can significantly enhance system reliability, efficiency, and comfort.

This guide will cover the critical aspects of new HVAC system commissioning. By understanding the importance of each step, from system design verification to ventilation and exhaust, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge to ensure your HVAC system is optimized for performance and efficiency. Let’s dive into the essentials of HVAC system commissioning and how it contributes to a superior indoor environment.

hvac system maintenance

System Design Verification

During new HVAC system commissioning, system design verification confirms that the design aligns with the building’s requirements. This includes assessing factors such as the size and capacity of the HVAC units, the layout and configuration of ductwork, and the placement of components like vents and registers. 

Ensuring that the design allows for efficient airflow, proper distribution of conditioned air, and adequate ventilation throughout the building is crucial.

Installation Quality

Installation quality is a critical aspect of new HVAC system commissioning. It involves examining the workmanship and attention to detail during the installation process. This includes checking for proper sizing and placement of equipment, secure mounting of units, tight connections in ductwork, and correct wiring of electrical components. A well-installed HVAC system minimizes energy waste, reduces the risk of malfunctions, and maximizes the system’s lifespan.

Control System Calibration

Control system calibration during new HVAC system commissioning focuses on fine-tuning the settings and parameters of the HVAC system’s control system. This includes programming thermostats, adjusting sensors, setting temperature and humidity setpoints, and configuring airflow rates. 

Proper calibration ensures that the HVAC system operates according to the desired comfort levels, energy efficiency targets, and indoor air quality standards. It also involves testing and verifying the responsiveness and accuracy of the control system to various operating conditions.

Airflow and Ductwork

During new HVAC system commissioning, airflow and ductwork are closely examined to ensure optimal performance. This involves assessing the airflow rates through ducts, checking for any obstructions or leaks that could impede airflow, and verifying that the ductwork is properly sized and installed. Adequate airflow is essential for efficient heating, cooling, and ventilation throughout the building, so it’s crucial to address any issues during the commissioning process.

Cooling and Heating Performance

Assessing the cooling and heating performance of the HVAC system is a key part of commissioning. This includes testing the system’s ability to achieve and maintain desired temperatures, checking for even distribution of conditioned air, and verifying the efficiency of the cooling and heating cycles. 

Performance testing may involve running the system through various operating conditions to evaluate its response and ensure it meets design specifications. Identifying and addressing any performance issues early on helps optimize energy efficiency and occupant comfort.

Electrical Connections

During HVAC system commissioning, one critical aspect that is thoroughly evaluated is the electrical connections. This involves inspecting all electrical components, wiring, and connections to ensure they are installed correctly and meet safety standards.

The commissioning process verifies that all electrical connections are secure, properly grounded, and free from any damage or wear that could lead to electrical hazards or system malfunctions. Special attention is given to connections between the HVAC units, control panels, thermostats, and power sources to ensure they are functioning correctly.

Additionally, electrical connections are tested to confirm that they can handle the electrical load required by the HVAC system without overheating or causing circuit disruptions. Any issues or discrepancies found during this inspection are addressed and corrected to ensure the safe and reliable operation of the HVAC system.

Refrigerant Levels

Checking refrigerant levels is a crucial step during HVAC system commissioning. Proper refrigerant levels are essential for the efficient operation of the system and maintaining optimal cooling or heating performance. Here’s what’s involved in assessing refrigerant levels:

  • Measure refrigerant levels using appropriate gauges and equipment.
  • Verify that refrigerant levels match manufacturer specifications for the system.
  • Check for any leaks or signs of refrigerant loss.
  • Adjust refrigerant levels if necessary to ensure optimal system performance and efficiency.
  • Test the system to ensure it maintains stable and consistent refrigerant levels under various operating conditions.
  • Document refrigerant levels and any adjustments made for future reference and maintenance.

Safety Controls

Safety controls play a critical role in HVAC system commissioning to protect against potential hazards and ensure safe operation. Here are the key aspects of safety controls that are assessed during commissioning:

  • Inspect and test safety devices such as pressure switches, temperature sensors, and limit controls.
  • Verify that safety controls are installed and functioning correctly according to manufacturer guidelines and industry standards.
  • Test safety shutdown procedures to ensure they activate correctly in case of abnormal operating conditions or emergencies.
  • Check for proper ventilation and airflow to prevent the buildup of harmful gases or contaminants.
  • Verify that all safety controls are clearly labeled and accessible for maintenance and troubleshooting.
  • Provide training to building occupants or maintenance personnel on responding to safety control alerts or shutdowns.
  • Document safety control testing and results as part of the commissioning report for regulatory compliance and ongoing maintenance.

Thermostat Functionality

During the process of commissioning a new HVAC system, one crucial aspect that is carefully evaluated is the thermostat’s functionality. The thermostat serves as the control center for the HVAC system, regulating temperature settings and ensuring optimal comfort levels within the building.

Commissioning professionals thoroughly test the thermostat functionality to ensure it accurately reads and responds to temperature changes. This includes checking the calibration of temperature sensors, verifying the responsiveness of settings adjustments, and testing the accuracy of temperature readings displayed on the thermostat interface.

Additionally, the thermostat’s compatibility with the HVAC system and its programming capabilities are assessed to ensure it can effectively manage heating, cooling, and ventilation operations per the building’s requirements. Any issues or discrepancies identified during the thermostat functionality testing are addressed and resolved to ensure seamless operation and energy efficiency.

Ventilation and Exhaust

Another critical aspect of new HVAC system commissioning is the evaluation of ventilation and exhaust systems. Proper ventilation is essential for maintaining indoor air quality, controlling humidity levels, and ensuring occupant comfort and health.

During commissioning, ventilation systems are inspected and tested to verify adequate airflow rates, proper distribution of fresh air, and effective removal of indoor pollutants and contaminants. Exhaust systems, including kitchen hoods and bathroom fans, are also checked for proper operation and airflow capacity.

Commissioning professionals assess the ventilation and exhaust systems’ performance following building codes, standards, and design specifications. They verify that ventilation rates meet recommended guidelines for indoor air quality and occupant well-being. Any deficiencies or inefficiencies in ventilation and exhaust systems are addressed and remediated to ensure optimal indoor environmental conditions.

Adding to these, knowing the best time for HVAC system commissioning is important to maximize system efficiency and longevity. Typically, the best time is during the final stages of construction or major renovations before the building is fully occupied, ensuring that the system meets all design and operational specifications.

Furthermore, the benefits of HVAC system balancing services include enhanced energy efficiency, improved indoor air quality, and consistent comfort levels across different building areas. Balancing services ensure that the system operates optimally, distributing air evenly and reducing strain on HVAC components, which can lead to longer system life and lower energy costs.

See Our Coupons & Specials!
Contact Us